non modifiable risk factors for periodontal disease

PDF | A B S T R AC T Introduction: Periodontal diseases are ranked among the most common health problems affecting mankind. Some systemic factors. These findings are based on the adjustment for confounding … Gingivitis is … Age 3. Studies will be discussed according to the type of study design used by investigators: longitudinal, cross-sectional and case-control. Periodontal disease trends There is no globally accepted method for meas urement of periodontal di sease. Pneumonia 5. If one family member has periodontal disease, all family members should receive a periodontal disease screening (Genetics and Periodontal Disease, 2006). Family history and genetic factors 2,5; Some hormonal variations, e.g. Additionally, tobacco smoking is associated with greater levels of bone loss, attachment loss, deep periodontal pockets associated with the disease, and tooth … Created by. Risk factors for a disease are factors that increase the chance of developing the disease, that is, new onset or incidence. Stress 10. These diseases share common risk factors with other major noncommunicable diseases. In addition to periodontal disease, tobacco usage is also a risk factor for oral cancer and its recurrence, dental cariesand congenital defects in children from mothers who smoke while pregnant. kelin_sunshine. Common risk factors between osteoporosis and periodontal disease can be both modifiable and non-modifiable . Gender 4. During an examination visit, it is essential to identify these factors and … The disease expression can be modified by environmental, acquired, and genetic risk factors. Epidemiology and Risk Factors of Periodontal Disease 215 5. Epigenomic programming might be particularly sensitive to environmental influences, and a combination of physiological stressors and environmental exposures … Co-risk factors for osteoporosis and periodontal disease: Osteoporosis and periodontal disease share common risk factors. Hard-to-reach areas. INDIVIDUAL-LEVEL NON-MODIFIABLE DETERMINANTS OF PERIODONTITIS Age Gender Race/Ethnicity Genetic predisposition Socioeconomic status (SES) Diabetes (and some other rare systemic conditions)? Risk factors for osteoporosis can be divided into non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors. There are two kind of risk factor in case of periodontal disease out of which one is modifiable and another is non-modifiable. Local Factors Anatomical Risk Factors - Enamel pearls - Root grooves - Furcation - Gingival Recession Tooth Position - Mal alignment - Crowding - Tipping - Migration - Occlusal forces Systemic Factors Modifiable Risk Factors - Specific microbiota - Smoking - Diabetes mellitus - Oral hygiene - Stress - Obesity - Immunodeficiency - Certain Medications - Diet (Poor Nutrition) - Osteoporosis - Other … during puberty, pregnancy and menopause 6; Underlying immunodeficiency 2,5; Read more about the risk factors for periodontal disease in The Good Practitioner’s Guide to Periodontology from the British Society of Periodontology. It was suggested that periodontal disease, once established provides a biological burden of endotoxin and inflammatory cytokines, especially thromboxane A2, prostaglandin E2, interleukin (IL) 1L=1 α, and … Write. Socioeconomic status(?) The non-modifiable factors can also be classified into three classes: (i) biological factors, such as being overweight, dyslipidemia, hyper-insulinaemia, and hypertension; (ii) behavioral factors, such as diet, lack physical activity, tobacco smoking, and alcohol consumption; and (iii) societal factors, which involve complex combinations of interacting socioeconomic, cultural and environmental parameters . The etiology and pathogenic … Alzheimer's disease and peripheral infections: the possible contribution from periodontal infections, model and hypothesis J Alzheimers Dis. Match. May be either markers or other historical … Risk factors for a disease are factors that increase the chance of developing the disease, that is, new onset or incidence. Evidence used to identify risk factors usually is derived from the following types of studies in order of increasing strength of evidence:case reports, case series, case-control study, cross-sectional studies, longitudinal cohort studies, and controlled clinical trials, also known as interventional studies. Additionally, tobacco smoking is associated with greater levels of bone loss, attachment loss, deep periodontal pockets associated with the disease, and tooth loss, as … Examining the relationship between the 2 diseases requires addressing these factors as well as the type of study design. STUDY. Risk predictor is a factor that has no current biological evidence as a causative agent but has been associated with disease on a cross-sectional or longitudinal basis. Spell. All of these studies can identify factors … CVD 3. Tobacco smoking can increase the risk for periodontal diseases 5-20 fold, with an odds ratio of 5.4 between smoking and chronic periodontitis. Terms in this set (57) Some determinant (non-modifiable) risk factors. HIV infection 9. Furthermore known risk … Any … This review describes the evidence published from January 2013 through March 2016 for modifiable risk factors for chronic periodontitis and diabetes mellitus. J Periodonol 1995;66:23–29. Smokers exhibit more periodontal tissue breakdown than non- smokers. Tobacco usage, especially smoking, is considered a major modifiable risk factor for periodontal disease. Data . This review describes the current evidence published from January 2013 through March 2016 for “non-modifiable” risk factors for periodontitis and diabetes mellitus. Modifiable or . Non-modifiable . Diabetes 2. Modifiable risk factors for both these chronic, inflammation-related diseases include the following: hyperglycemia; microbial overgrowth, infection, … Non-modifiable risk factors for gingivitis and associated periodontal disease include age and genetic disorders. This paper aims to review the evidence on the potential roles of modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors associated with periodontal disease. There are a number of established systemic risk factors that have been associated with periodontal disease and have been extensive reviewed in the published literature [11]. Conversely, non-modifiable risk factors are innate health risks within an individual not caused by extrinsic factors. Gravity. Non-modifiable risk factors are also known as determinants. The most noteworthy major modifiable risk factor of periodontal diseases is tobacco smoking. Epigenetics as a modifiable risk factor in periodontal diseases has been investigated in light of the current knowledge of how chronic infection and inflammation can affect gene‐specific epigenetic reprogramming in periodontal tissues. Learn. By … To determine risk factors for a disease, evidence based research and studies are needed for evidence, with longitudinal studies giving the most statistically significant outcomes and … In the … (1) ... of Disease 2017. Periodontitis and diabetes are both chronic, inflammation-related diseases and often occur in the … Objectives . Severe periodontal (gum) disease, which may result in tooth loss, is also very common, with almost 10% of the global population affected. PLAY. (1) More than 530 million children suffer from dental caries of primary teeth (milk teeth). Local risk factors Local risk factors can either be acquired (such as plaque and calculus, overhanging and poorly contoured restorations) or anatomical (such as malpositioned teeth, enamel pearls, root grooves, concavities and furcations). Leukemia 8. The severity of the periodontal disease depends on environmental and host risk factors, both modifiable (for example, smoking) and non-modifiable (for example, genetic susceptibility). Obesity 7. Risk Factors For Periodontal Disease. 2008 May;13(4):437-49. doi: 10.3233/jad-2008-13408. Non-modifiable risk factors are also known as determinants. Nevertheless, during the last 40 years some evidence has accumulated of changes in the occurrence of gingivitis in developed countries. The bigger the shaded area or overlap in the risk model for periodontal disease, the _____ the risk modifiable The amount of bacteria and type of bacteria is considered ______ It is important to note that this study demonstrates an association between PD and an increased TTC … Alzheimers 4. Oral cancer (cancer of the lip or mouth) is one of the three most … All of these studies can … Clinically diagnosed dental patients having periodontitis were considered as study … Test. Methods: A Case control Study was conducted on group of randomly selected patients coming at General Pathology Department, Institute associated with dental college in western India. In … Modifiable Risk Factors Smoking Smoking is the single major preventable risk factor for periodontal disease. periodontal diseases in Latin America Visão geral da epidemiologia das doenças periodontais na América Latina Abstract: The aim of the present review was to identify the presence of periodontal dis- eases and the relative importance of known risk factors in Latin American countries. Investigations using the Longitudinal … Non-modifiable risk factors are also known as determinants. Osteoporosis 6. Flashcards. Tobacco smoking can increase the risk for periodontal diseases 5-20 fold, with an odds ratio of 5.4 between smoking and chronic periodontitis. Sources . … Objective: To review the evidence on the potential roles of modifiable and non modifiable risk factors associated with periodontitis. MEDLINE (1980 to Jan 2014), PubMed (using medical subject headings), and Google Scholar were searched using the following terms in … Periodontitis and diabetes are both chronic, inflammation-related diseases and often occur in the same individuals, which agrees with the two diseases having largely the same risk factors and also mutually and adversely affecting each other. Therefore, it is difficult to document changing patterns of periodontal disease over time periods. New treatment modalities that are actively explored include antimicrobial therapy, … “Non-modifiable” risk factors … Non-modifiable risk factors include: • a family history of diabetes • a family history of heart disease or stroke • over 55 years of age • from an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander background • from Pacific Island, Indian subcontinent or Chinese cultural background • a woman who has given birth to a child over 4.5 kgs (9 lbs), or had gestational diabetes when pregnant, or had a condition known as Polycystic … Evidence used to identify risk factors usually is derived from the following types of studies in order of increasing strength of evidence:case reports, case series, case-control study, cross-sectional studies, longitudinal cohort studies, and controlled clinical trials, also known as interventional studies. TOBACCO SMOKING . Patient barriers to maintaining gum health. … Original articles that reported on the risk factors for periodontal disease were included. Genetic 2. This and other studies directed to identifying true risk factors associated with periodontal disease may lead to preventive measures directed to reducing the deleterious effects of modifiable risk factors. Mechanisms by which smok ing affects periodontal disease based o n four components of the traditional pathogenesis of human periodontitis. The retrieved data are sparse and inconsistent, lacking information for the majority of the countries. Non-modifiable risk factors. Risk indicator vs. Risk predictor Risk indicators are factors that have proven to be significantly associated with the occurrence of a specific disease but only in cross-sectional studies. All of these studies can identify factors … In conclusion our study suggests that periodontal disease is potentially a further modifiable risk factor influencing the time to conception in non-Caucasian women. Table 1 Risk factors for periodontal disease divided into modifiable and non-modifiable factors. As this condition is easily treated, couples trying to conceive may consider attending for a dental health check prior to attempting to conceive. Genetics, immune response of the host, age, sex, race or ethnicity, and socioeconomic status are among the most common non-modifiable risk factors for patients with periodontal disease (AlJehani, 2014). Prevalence of both osteoporosis and tooth loss increase with advancing age in women. Evidence used to identify risk factors usually is derived from the following types of studies in order of increasing strength of evidence:case reports, case series, case-control study, cross-sectional studies, longitudinal cohort studies, and controlled clinical trials, also known as interventional studies. Therefore, of paramount importance is identifying mechanisms and factors that affect the risk of developing AD. In some cases, treatment of gum disease may engage entire families. The association of coronary heart disease and periodontal disease may be due to an underlying response trait, which places an individual at high risk for developing both periodontal disease and atherosclerosis. For example, modified (tobacco smoking, micro-organisms, Type II Diabetes, cardiovascular disease) and nonmodifiable (osteoporosis, female hormones, host response) risk factors (Table 1) [11]. Risk factors are factors that increase the chance of developing the disease. The most noteworthy major modifiable risk factor of periodontal diseases is tobacco smoking. Authors Angela R Kamer 1 , Ananda P Dasanayake, Ronald G Craig, Lidia … Additionally, aging increases the risk of inadequate oral hygiene practices, further contributing to the … 1. The literature shows that the inflammatory response to plaque deposition in older individuals contains a significantly higher number of inflammatory cells than in younger individuals. Prevention is achieved with daily self-performed oral hygiene and professional removal of the microbial biofilm on a quarterly or bi-annual basis. 0 20 40 60 80 100 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-74 75+ Age Groups Percent 2 mm or more 4 mm or more 6 mm or more MEAN LOSS OF PERIODONTAL ATTACHMENT IN ADULTS, UNITED STATES. Now Lets Talk about Major Risk factors of Periodontal Disease !. The non-modifiable risk factors for osteoporosis include gender, age, early menopause, small body … Despite the nature of genes and the immune response of the host, current research suggests … Modifiable risk factors are often behavioural in nature and can be changed by the individual or environmental circumstances, whereas non-modifiable are usually intrinsic to an individuals genetics and cannot be changed. 1. Study design and chronic periodontitis n four components of the countries Talk about major risk factors four. 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