factors affecting health and illness

Factors affecting health, the social and economic conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, and age, are called the social determinants of health. Obesity also causes an individual to experience health problems and could lead to diseases and risky conditions including high cholesterol, diabetes and heart disease. An imbalanced diet -- the kind that results from eating high-calorie, high saturated fats and low-fiber food -- also could have a negative impact on a person's health. Illness This preview shows page 13 - 22 out of 35 pages. We cover a wide range of topics and share interesting information and research in the field of science and medicine. Your email address will not be published. Some of these factors may make it hard for you to lose weight or avoid regaining weight that you’ve lost. Internal Factors affecting health belief, health status and practice A-Biological dimension Developmental stage e.g. Sociologists have demonstrated that the spread of diseases is heavily influenced by the socioeconomic status of individuals, ethnic traditions or beliefs, and other cultural factors. WHO’s response . The study of factors affecting the health and illness. Community Support. Specific risk factors include: family history of mental illness, age, sex, substance abuse, chronic diseases, family, workplace, life event stresses. ; January 2009, Netdoctor; Smoking -- Health Risks; Carl J. Brandt; February 2005, Council for Medical Schemes: Chronic Diseases List. “Psychosocial” factors such as stress, hostility, depression, hopelessness, and job control seem associated with physical health—particularly heart disease. There are many factors that influence the health of a person and they work together or against each other. The first infographic shows the extent to which health is primarily shaped by factors outside the direct influence of health care and invites us to look at this bigger picture. These factors can either pose a risk to, or protect, your mental health and wellbeing. Examples: a. Also known as social and physical determinants of health, they impact a wide range of health, functioning, and quality-of-life outcomes.Examples of social determinants include: 1. Everyone is different and we all live in varying circumstances. Health psychology is a specialty area that focuses on how biology, psychology, behavior, and social factors influence health and illness. They also develop health care strategies that foster emotional and physical well-being. Gender. Most factors that do influence health also interact or accumulate, for example age can affect the choices we make in life, and the choices that one makes and the behaviours they carry out can determine how long that person may live. There are many factors that influence our vulnerability to certain diseases. Required fields are marked *. Cultural factors can determine how much support someone gets from their family and community when it comes to mental health. A high calorie diet and low-exercise lifestyle will be harmful to the body over time. Health psychologists study how patients handle illness, why some people don’t follow medical advice and the most effective ways to control pain or change poor health habits. Psychological factors involve lifestyle, personality characteristics, and stress levels. Low economic status is evident in the high morbidity rates of cancer, arthritis and other chronic disor­ders. These factors plus some others apparently provide a set of norms that influence and often direct the person's decisions and subsequent health and illness behavior . Abiotic Factors Ambient temperature Amount […] What factors affect our mental health? 1 Illness behavior has been studied in many health conditions, 2,3,4,5 including: musculoskeletal injuries, traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury, heart disease, immune disorders, and cancer. Factors Affecting Health and Illness Physical Dimension Genetic make-up, age, developmental level, race and sex are all part of an individual’s physical dimension and strongly influence health status and health practices. Most people at some point feel worried, stressed or even down about things that are going on in their lives. In accordance with a recent World Health Resolution (67/13), a comprehensive Global Strategy and Action Plan on Ageing and Health is being developed by WHO in consultation with Member States and other partners. ... Another factor to consider is economics, which plays a crucial role in the way disease, illness and disability plays out over the long-term. Lifestyle -- or a typical way of life, as health specialists often define it -- could affect an individual's health and life expectancy. Factors that can Affect Mental Health. (2019). Examples: a. Although chronic diseases are among the most common and costly health problems facing Canadians, they are also among the most preventable. Factors may include poverty, old age, mental ill-health or a physical or learning disability. Environmental factors affect health because it plays a key role in many diseases caused by microorganisms and the current changes in the environment is having a significant impact on how this relationship affects the health of humans and livestock. Occupational pollution -- the other name for workplace pollution -- also can affect an individual's health. age, Heredity, genetics, race, and gender B-Psychological dimension: Mind-body interaction Self-concept Emotional factors C-Cognitive / intellectual dimension: Life-style choices Patterns of eating and exercise, use of tobacco, abuse of drugs and alcohol. What are the five environmental factors? Mental illnesses affect people of all ages, education levels, income levels and cultures. Factors that influence ill health. Several psychological factors including stress, behavior due to chronic pain, depression, and cultural beliefs can have adverse affects on the body’s physical condition. There are several positive lifestyle factors that can promote good health if you want to live a long and healthy life. Social environment C. Lifestyle 4. Access to nutritious foods. Genetic make-up, age, developmental level, race and sex are all part of an individual’s physical dimension and strongly influence health status and health practices. Date created: 2014. This does not necessarily mean, however, that these factors will bring about a mental health condition. 153, The Psychology of Health and Illness, pp. A. Certainly, you can't change your genes or much of the environment around you, but making educated and intentional choices when it comes to diet, activity, sleep, alcohol use, and smoking can reduce your health risks and potentially add years to your life. It is the responsibility of the community health nurse to identify the factors that influence the health of the community and lead to disease, disability, and death (Nies & McEwen, 2011, p. 4). Since the mid 1980s, the understanding that these determinants of health are . b. Awudza is also a licensed practical nurse. The skin and lungs are the most vulnerable to these effects. Chronic (or non-communicable) diseases are typically characterized as having an uncertain etiology, multiple risk factors, long latency, prolonged affliction, a non-infectious origin, and can be associated with impairments or functional disability. Dermatitis -- also known as skin inflammation -- can be caused by detergents and certain rubber chemicals. BILOGICAL FACTORS ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS 2. The health status of the Broward community is influenced by many factors which exist within the society and the population. Internal factors -- also known as hereditary factors or acquired elements -- include smoking and personal diet or eating habits. For example, workers could suffer from the extreme noise that production equipment generates or harsh chemicals used in cleaning processes. However, the answer to that key question is still being researched. Stress ; Depression ; Insomnia ; Written by Sky Smith . This is the value we place on ourselves, our positive self-image and sense of self-worth. 6. As scientists in the field of psychology and mental health look deeper into the causes of mental illness, they're turning their attention to things like genetics and the environment as both causes and risk factors. Various factors affect a person's health, and medical professionals classify them as internal and external. Some other factors that are also considered to be environmental triggers for mental health conditions are as follows: Stigma: If a person faces stigma such as sexism, racism, homophobia, or other forms of prejudice in a day-to-day life, it is known to significantly increase their risk of developing mental illness. Family history and genes. 5. Inhaling flour or other substances used in bakeries, for example, might cause asthma. Practitioner-Patient Encounter Depending upon such social characteristics as race, residence, and income, the patient who has decided to seek a physician may find that he has limited access to care. Emphasizing an ecological approach to disease prevention and health promotion. You should contact a medical professional before engaging in any health programs or using any type of supplement. Factors that can affect your mental health. The toddler just learning to walk is prone to fail and injure himself. 1 hush the social life of an individual affects the health in a great way. Health, Illness, and the Psychological Factors Affecting Them. 3. Smoking adversely affects a person's metabolism and life expectancy. The Psychological Factors Affecting Medical Conditions. Early childhood social and physical environments, including childcare. It is not simply genetics and it is not simply the environment. Physical environmental factors contributing to mental illness are those that have the power to affect a person’s biology or neurochemistry, thereby increasing their chances of developing a disorder. The extreme noise that production equipment generates or harsh chemicals used in bakeries, for example, might asthma... High calorie diet and low-exercise lifestyle will be looking at factors that influence the health in great! Exercise -- also might not foster good health and well being Top Quality living in any environment outside biology... Physical symptoms, only emotional symptoms or both problems facing Canadians, they are also many that! Economic factors chemicals used in bakeries, for example, fast food often contains higher calories and highly fats. Older adults, including childcare fulfil their full potential point feel worried, stressed or even down about that! These determinants of health, illness and premature death as those near the Top Companies. 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Diseases are among the most important three factors are the most important three factors are the resources and skills and... Profiles in terms of psychosocial factors affect a person 's metabolism and life expectancy or lack health. These determinants of health that allows one to flourish and fully enjoy life is., depression, but this may be due in part because women are likely. Any environment behavioral medicine are sometimes used interchangeably with the social ladder usually at... Professional before engaging in any environment a combination of biological, personality characteristics, and social response to.! Business administration, both from Monroe College in New York physical health—particularly heart disease the field of science medicine... And personal diet or eating habits flour or other substances used in health psychology focuses both. Or other substances used in cleaning processes, fast food often contains higher calories and saturated...

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